What to Expect From IUD Pain

An IUD, or intra-uterine-device, is a form of birth control that is inserted into a woman's uterine by her gynecologist. An IUD prevents pregnancy by killing any sperm that should enter the uterus. They are one of the most effective and maintenance free forms of birth control, and can be worn for years at a time. Since they are somewhat invasive, there can be some IUD pain experienced shortly after the device is inserted. An IUD is an excellent way to avoid pregnancy, but it does not provide any protection against sexually transmitted diseases.

What Causes IUD Pain

When the IUD is inserted by your doctor, your uterine may become irritated. Most patients experience sharp cramping for the first few days. The pain may be located in your lower abdomen or your lower back, and can be very uncomfortable at first. You may also have a heavier period, and more spotting between periods at first. Your body will eventually get used to having the device inserted, and the pain will subside the longer you wear the IUD.

How to Ease Painful Symptoms

The best treatments for the pain caused by an IUD are very similar to the treatments you would use for normal menstrual cramps. Try to relax as much as possible the first few days after the IUD is inserted. A pain killer, such as Ibuprofen or Acetaminophen, can also help ease your pain. Let someone else drive you home from the doctor after your IUD procedure so that the uterine muscles stay as relaxed as possible. Sometimes it can help to place a warm heating pad against your lower back. Allow yourself to take it easy and give your body a chance to heal from the insertion of the IUD.

When to Talk to Your Doctor

If your pain doesn't recede after a few days, you may need to have the IUD adjusted or removed. An IUD can sometimes move around within the uterus, or be expelled completely. Severe or constant pain is a signal that something may be wrong, and you should have your doctor check things out to make sure that the IUD is placed properly. In rare cases the IUD can puncture the uterine wall, which can lead to very serious complications. If the IUD migrates into the stomach, you will need to undergo surgery to remove it.